Marzipan most likely originates from the Orient, probably from present-day Iran and dates from at least the 6th or 7th century AD, but it is possibly much older. Marzipan was introduced to Europe during the crusades, or, earlier, through Arab traders especially in present-day Spain and Sicily.
In Middle Ages marzipan was known in large areas of Europe, but it was considered an expensive luxury, due to the high sugar content. Sugar was not yet widely available. Marzipan was also considered a medicine and was thus mainly produced by pharmacists. [x]
And this is the earliest original recipe I could find:

To make Marzipan. Take almonds appointed as above, & flatten the paste as for making a tart, then form the marzipan as fancy as you want, then take sifted sugar & mix with rose water, & beat it together that it is like a thick batter, cast there a little on the marzipan, & flatten with a well held knife until the marzipan is all covered, then put it into the oven on paper: when you see that it boils thereon & that it does like ice, tear apart from the oven, when it doesn’t boil, & sprinkle on nutmeg: if you want it golden, make it so.
-Ouverture de Cuisine, 1604 [x]

Gotta love how bossy it is.
Image [x]

The so-called “Dalmatic of Charlemagne”.Eleventh century. Gift of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Isidore of Kiev (1439) to Pope Eugene IV (1431-1447)
The only medieval liturgical vestment kept in the Treasury of St Peter’s is this dalmatic. It is a masterpiece of the art of embroidery practiced in Constantinople during the eleventh century. It is not known how the legend grew that it was worn by Charlemagne for his coronation as Emperor in 800 AD. It is made entirely in embroidery with gold, silver and colored thread on blue silk with scenes from the Byzantine iconography of the ninth and tenth centuries.

The Baška tabletBaška tablet (Croatian: Bašćanska ploča, pronounced [bâʃt͡ɕanskaː plɔ̂t͡ʃa]) is one of the first monuments containing an inscription in the Croatian language, dating from the year 1100. The tablet was discovered by scholars in 1851 in the paving of the Church of St. Lucy, Jurandvor near Baška on the island of Krk. Since 1934 the original has been kept in the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Zagreb.

Thor’s hammer in gold and silver from Erikstorp, Ödeshög parish, Lysing hundred, Ödeshög municipality, Östergötland, Sweden. Image 519 at page 309 in the book Kulturgeschichte Schwedens von den ältesten Zeiten bis zum elften Jahrhundert nach Christus (1906) by Oscar Montelius. Olof Sörling (1852–1927) - Swedish illustrator.

Historical depictions of Medieval armoured ladies.


Needlecase with a cover. Bronze; cast. 7.6 cm long. Culture of Ancient Rus. 10th CE. Earthen Settlement (excavations by V. I. Ravdonikas), Staraya Ladoga, Leningrad Region, Russia. Source of Entry: Institute of the History of Material Culture, Leningrad (discovered by the Staraya Ladoga expedition). 1959. In the Hermitage Museum.